Fifth grade is a year of steady progress in reading and language arts. By the end of fifth grade, students should be able to use grade appropriate vocabulary and work with the eight parts of speech. They will be able to apply comprehension strategies to a variety of literary genres and write and punctuate appropriately in composition assignments. They will speak and listen with grade appropriate skill.

In math, fifth graders will be proficient using the four math operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They will use basic algebraic functions such as exponents and order of operations and apply geometric concepts to solve problems. They will use various methods of measurement with skill and understand data analysis and basic statistical terms.

Fifth grade science units consist of living systems, chemistry and matter, and the solar system. Life science focuses on transport systems in animals (respiratory, circulatory, digestive and excretory) and plants (roots, stems-xylem and phloem, leaves). By the end of the unit students will know the main idea that structure and function are related in living organisms. In physical science, students will learn that the elements and their combinations account for all the varied types of matter in the world, all matter is made of atoms, which may combine to form molecules, each element is made of one kind of atom and that the elements are organized in the periodic table by their chemical properties. In earth science, students will learn the main idea that, as the “water planet,” Earth is a unique structure and this function is relative to all living organisms. They will also know that the solar system consists of the sun (a star) and planets, and that the Earth is the only one with water.

In fifth grade social studies, students will use their understanding of social studies concepts and cause-and-effect relationships to study the development of the United States from pre-Columbian times to the present. By applying what they know from civics, economics and geography, students learn the ideals, principles, and systems that shaped this country’s founding.


Language Arts Mathematics Science Social Studies
● Reading – genres

● Reading – recognition of:

     o   Context clues

     o   Main ideas and supporting details

     o   Summarization

     o   Predictions

     o   Inferences

     o   Theme

     o   Conclusions

     o   Author’s purpose

● Brainstorming

● Organizing

● Paragraph and essay structure:

     o   Narrative

     o   Expository

     o   Persuasive

     o   Research-based

● MLA format, documentation

● Revision, editing – elaborating with:

     o   Word choice

     o   Details

     o   Sentence fluency

● Place value

● Number sequencing

● Multiplying and dividing numbers

● Adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing fractions and mixed numbers

● Order of operations

● Math properties

● Lines, points, rays

● Angles

● Plane figures

● Coordinate points

● Geometry

● Vertices, edges, faces

● Transformations

● Graphs and data: mean, median, mode

● Time, temperature

● Customary, metric measurement

● Perimeter, area, volume

● Probability

● Circumference

● Symmetry

● Ratio and percent

Life Science – Living Systems

● Respiratory system

● Circulatory system

● Digestive system

● Excretory system

● Photosynthesis

Physical Science – Chemistry and Matter

● Matter

● Density

● Physical changes

● Mixtures, solutions

● Atoms

● Molecules

● Chemical changes

● Periodic table

● Properties of metals

Earth Science – Solar System and Earth Science

● Sun

● Planets

● Water cycles

● Weather


Year A – Florida History

● State Symbols

● Government

● Geography

● Natives

● Explorers

● Spanish Florida

● English Florida

● Revolution

● Wars (Seminole, Civil, Spanish American)

● World Wars

● Modern Florida

Year B – U.S. History

● Geography

● First Americans

● Exploration

● Settlements

● Colonies

● Revolution: causes, war

● Creating nation

● Early republic

● Expansion

● Civil War: causes, battles, Reconstruction

● The Plains

● Business, industry, cities

● World power

● Current issues